School Funding

Rural education | Ohio Department of Education

Rural Ohio Districts

List of each rural school district and its assigned typology.

What makes a neighborhood rural?

In 1996, the Ohio Department of Education created a classification for different types of similar districts, called the Ohio School District Typology. The rural districts of typology code 1 (in blue on the map below) experience high student poverty and a low student population. The rural districts of typology code 2 (in green on the map below) have average student poverty and a very low student population.

Map of rural Ohio districts

To create this typology, the Department used several data sources to classify similar neighborhoods based on common demographic and geographic characteristics. Accordingly, the classifications can be used as a basis for a stratified sample of districts in the state. These classifications also allow researchers to focus on a specific type of neighborhood, such as large urban neighborhoods or rural neighborhoods with high poverty. Eight categories of typologies were created for the 2013 typology (one more than the 2007 typology). The rural typological classifications are described in the table below.

2013 typology code

Major grouping


Neighborhoods within the typology

Students in the typology

1 Rural high student poverty and low student population 124 170,000
2 Rural average student poverty and very low student population 107 110,000

Local codes from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)

Local codes are a measure of the geographic area of ​​a school district. The codes range from “big city” to “rural”. Based on the geographic standards used in the 2000 census, there will be new codes for the 2017-2018 school year and beyond. The current codes were used for the 2016-2017 school year and before.

Alternative definition of Ohio for rural

Each state can choose a different definition of rural in order to identify districts that may benefit from REAP funding. When the NCES changes an area code, some districts that were previously eligible for REAP are no longer eligible and lose this valuable funding. Ohio has a new alternative definition using the typology of a district. Districts identified as rural according to the district typology may meet REAP funding criteria.

Grant opportunities

Rural education initiative

The Rural Education Initiative (Title V, Part B) is a suite of federal programs designed to meet the unique needs of Local Rural Education Agencies (LEAs). These LEAs often lack the staff and resources to compete for competitive federal grants and often receive formula allocations that are too small to be used effectively for their intended purposes.

  • Title V, Part B – Rural School Success Program (REAP) – Title V, Part B (REAP) provides additional funding to support eligible rural districts that do not have the capacity to compete for competitive federal grants and receive smaller allocations in federal law funds. REAP funds are used to implement effective federal programs to improve student academic performance.
  • School Success Program for Small Rural SchoolsThe goal of the Small, Rural School Achievement (SRSA) program is to provide local rural education agencies (LEAs) with financial assistance to fund initiatives aimed at improving student achievement. LEAs are eligible for funds if they meet basic eligibility and application requirements. Awards are issued annually and award amounts are determined using a formula. Recipients may use SRDC funds to carry out authorized activities under any of the following federal programs: Video.
  • Rural and Low Income School Program – The objective of the Rural and Low-Income School (RLIS) program is to provide rural districts with financial assistance for initiatives aimed at improving student outcomes. The grant is not competitive and eligibility is determined by law. The scholarships are awarded annually to State Education Agencies (SEA), which provide sub-grants to Local Education Agencies (LEA) that meet applicable requirements. Awards are assigned to all applicable HEIs that meet the applicable requirements.

Additional federal programs

  • The Nita M. Lowey 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) program – The Nita M. Lowey 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) program offers children from economically disadvantaged families and attending poorly performing schools the benefit of academic support. School districts, schools, community organizations including faith-based organizations, higher education institutions, city or county government agencies, for-profit corporations and other public or private entities are eligible for the 21st CCLC grant. This federally funded grant program supports high-quality out-of-school learning opportunities and related activities for students attending eligible schools. A recent flexibility from the US Department of Education allows 21st CCLC funds to be used for expanded learning time programs during the day, week or school year in addition to out-of-school time.

The rural education toolkit

The Rural Educator’s Toolkit includes resources and tools related to data analysis, systems review, funding opportunities, human capital, support programs or direct supports from support teams state for educators and rural administrators.

Administrator resources

Resources for teachers

Resources for parents

Community resources

Additional resources

Last Modified: 09/27/2021 3:15:48 PM

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